Fetal lacerations are birth injuries that happen during a caesarian section delivery. They occur as a result of improper procedures performed by medical personnel during childbirth. Scalpels and forceps can cause nicks and cuts. Most lacerations are minor and treated after delivery. However, some cuts are deep and require stitches or reconstructive surgery.
Risk Factors with Fetal Lacerations
There are a few risk factors that can lead to this condition. These risks include:
- Ruptured membranes before the C-section
- Low transverse uterine incisions
- Active labor
- Emergency C-section
- Inexperienced surgeons or residents
Facial Laceration Causes
According to a Patient Safety Authority study of over 20 hospitals and medical facilities, fetal lacerations were common during caesarian deliveries. About 70% of fetal laceration injuries are to the infant’s head, face, and ears. Approximately 20% of fetal laceration injuries affect the buttocks, legs and ankles. The remaining 10% of lacerations are to the baby’s back. Fetal position indicates the location of the cuts.
Unfortunately, if a cut happens to the ears, eyes, nose, tendons, and nerves may cause long-term complications especially with lacerations to nerves controlling senses or mobility. Specialists could be needed for tendon injuries along with physical therapy.
The American Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics says fetal lacerations can cause long-term and sometimes permanent health issues. For example, in one instance, a newborn infant was cut with scalpel, leaving a 2cm-long cut. Twelve years later, the cut extended to 10 cm. Other long-term problems include bone fractures, facial nerve palsy, and more. Although these injuries may clear up within a few months for some infants, others may live with the effects of the injury for a lifetime.
Costs Associated with Birth Injuries
Birth injuries are often lifelong complications that require consistent medical treatment and rehabilitation. Depending upon the severity of the injuries, the financial costs associated with birth injuries can range from several thousands to over a million during the lifespan of a child with birth injuries.
For instance, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the lifetime costs associated with a child who has cerebral palsy (CP) is around $1 million. The costs associated with a child who suffers hearing loss after a birth injury typically ranges around $400,00.
It is important to remember that if your child’s birth injuries are a result of medical negligence and carelessness, the medical staff, hospital, and/or physician may be liable for damages. A complex litigation attorney can help. At The Michael Brady Lynch Firm, our lawyers have decades of experience helping injured people get justice and full compensation for injuries caused negligence. The Michel Brady Lynch Firm regularly takes on the largest corporations in the world with a track records of proven success and results. Contact The Michael Brady Lynch Firm today, and our attorneys will review your case for free and help you protect your rights. For your complimentary consultation, call our office now.